August 2020 Regulatory Update

NORTH AMERICA NEWS

The US FTC Proposes Made in USA Labeling Requirement

On July 16, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) published notice of a proposed Made in USA Labeling Rule. The FTC is seeking comments related to “Made in USA” and other U.S. Origin claims on product labels (“MUSA claims:”). The public comment period ends on September 14, 2020.

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The FTC has been enforcing the MUSA policy pursuant to the Enforcement Policy Statement on U.S. Origin Claims (“Policy Statement”). This policy requires that a marketer making an unqualified claim for its product should, at the time of the representation, have a reasonable basis for asserting that “all or virtually all” of the product is made in the United States.

The FTC is now proposing a MUSA Labeling Rule to prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices relating to MUSA labeling. The proposed rule tracks the FTC’s previous MUSA Decisions and Orders by prohibiting marketers from including unqualified MUSA claims on labels unless:

  1. Final assembly or processing of the product occurs in the United States
  2. All significant processing that goes into the product occurs in the United States, and
  3. All or virtually all ingredients or components of the product are made and sourced in the United States. The proposed rule also covers labels making unqualified MUSA claims appearing in mail order catalogs or mail order advertising.

The FTC proposes the Made in USA Labeling Rule for two primary reasons: to strengthen its enforcement program and make it easier for businesses to understand and comply with the law. Specifically, by codifying the existing standards applicable to MUSA claims in a rule as authorized by Congress, the FTC will be able to provide more certainty to marketers about the standard for making unqualified claims on product labels. In addition, enactment of the NPRM will enhance deterrence by authorizing civil penalties against those making unlawful MUSA claims on product labels. The MUSA rule would be listed under 16 CFR Part 323.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Vivian Chan (Technical Consultant)
Phone: (852) 3185 8052
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

US EPA Issues Final Rule on Long-chain Perfluoroalkyl Carboxylate (LCPFAC) and Perfluoroalkyl Sulfonate Chemical Substances

On July 27, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final significant use rule (SNUR) for long-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylate (LCPFAC) and perfluoroalkyl sulfonate chemical substances. This is under citation, 85 Fed. Reg. 45109.  The final rule will be effective on September 25, 2020.

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The EPA first proposed a SNUR for LCPFAC and perfluoroalkyl sulfonate chemical substances in 2015. On March 3, 2020, the EPA issued a proposed supplemental SNUR for LCPFAC chemical substances that would invalidate the exemption for persons who import a subset of LCPFAC chemical substances as part of surface coatings on articles under 85 Fed. Reg. 12479.

The final SNUR will require persons to notify the EPA at least 90 days before commencing:

  • The manufacturing (including importing) or processing of a subset of LCPFAC chemical substances for any use that was not ongoing after December 31, 2015;
  • The manufacturing (including importing) or processing of all other LCPFAC chemical substances for which there were no ongoing uses as of January 21, 2015 (the date of the original proposed SNUR);
  • The import of a subset of LCPFAC chemicals as part of a surface coating on articles; and
  • The import of perfluoroalkyl sulfonate chemical substances as a part of carpets.

The final SNUR will preclude the commencement of such manufacturing and processing until the EPA has conducted a review of the notice, made an appropriate determination on the notice, and taken such actions as required in association with that determination.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

The US State of Maine Enacts a Reporting Rule of Priority Chemicals (PFOS) in Electronics and Children's Products

On July 28, 2020, the Maine Department of Environmental Protection published Chapter 890 on Designation of PFOS and Its Salts as Priority Chemicals. It requires reporting for certain children’s products that contain Perfluorooctane Sulfonic Acid (“PFOS”) or its salt. The rule takes effect immediately.

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Manufacturers or distributors of products that contain intentionally added amounts of PFOS or its salts, must report to the state’s Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) the amount and function of PFOS or its salts in reported products, among other information. This requirement applies to the products listed below.

  • Childcare articles;
  • Clothing;
  • Footwear;
  • Sleepwear;
  • Toys;
  • Cookware, tableware, reusable food and beverage containers;
  • Cosmetics and personal care products;
  • Craft supplies;
  • Electronic devices; and
  • Household furniture and furnishings.

Products in the categories below are exempt:

  • Used products;
  • Food and beverage packaging;
  • Transportation (motor vehicles or watercraft or their component parts).

The deadline for reporting children’s products containing PFOS or its salts will be January 24, 2021 (no later than 180 days after the effective date), or 30 days after the sale commences if the products start to be sold after that date. A regulated entity may request a waiver of the reporting requirements for reasons set forth in Department Rule 06-096 C.M.R. ch. 880 §5(C).

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

Health Canada Publishes New Test Method for Flammability of Toys

On July 20, 2020, Health Canada published a new version of Method F02 Flammability of Toys (Dolls, Plush toys, and Soft Toys). The new test method was effective on the date of issuance.

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Comparing to previous version, there is no technical change, but there are a few editorial changes. Below is a comparison table of both versions of standard.

Clause 2020 Version 2017 Version Remark
6.5.9 For each specimen, record the FST (Flame Spread Time) to the nearest 0.1 s, if applicable. None Newly added
6.5.9.1 Due to the inability of the automatic timing device to record values less than 1.1 s, a specimen with an FST of 1.1 s may actually have burned faster than 1.1 s. For the purposes of reporting, though, the 1.1 s value shall be used. None Newly added
APPENDIX
SAMPLE TEST REPORT FORMAT
Method F02 Flammability of Toys (Dolls, Plush toys, and Soft Toys) None Newly added
For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Vivian Chan (Technical Consultant)
Phone: (852) 3185 8052
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

EUROPE NEWS

Denmark Announces New Phthalates Restrictions on Toys and Children's Products

On June 26, 2020, the Danish Ministry of Environment and Food published Executive Order BEK no. 947 of 20/06/2020 related to the prohibition of phthalates in toys and articles for young children not exceeding 0.05% by mass. The Executive Order entered into force on July 1, 2020. The preceding Executive Order no. 855 of September 5, 2009 is repealed.

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The definitions in the new Order are as follows:

  • Toys are exclusively or partially designed or intended to be used by children aged 0-3 years (0-36 months) during play.
  • Toddler articles are any product intended for or normally expected to be put in the mouth of children aged 0-3 years (0-36 months), including in particular dummy pacifiers, bibs, jewelry and bathing equipment, etc.
  • Phthalates are esters of o-phthalic acid.

The Executive Order does not cover phthalates that are restricted by the following regulations:

  • The Executive Order on safety requirements for toy products' Annex II on special safety requirements.
  • Entry 51 and 52 in Annex XVII of EU REACH Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

The Executive Order does not cover articles for young children, which are intended to come into contact with food.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

AUSTRALIA NEWS

Australia Recalls Summary (December 3, 2019 ­– July 30, 2020)

In Australia, when hazards are identified in consumer products, they will be recalled and published in the Recalls and Safety Alerts Database on the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission website, which is updated daily. The Australia recalls from December 3, 2019 ­– July 30, 2020 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Injury Hazard 28
Fire Hazard 10
Choking Hazard 32
Electric shock Hazard 8
Suffocation Hazard 24
Other Hazards* 35

*Other Hazards include Burn Hazard, Chemical Hazard, Damage to eyesight Hazard, Drowning Hazard, Entrapment Hazard, Fall Hazard,Health Risk Hazard with a frequency of less than 7.


Product Categories Frequency
Toys and Childcare Articles 50
Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textile 8
Furniture 6
Sporting Goods/ Equipment 13
Computer / Audio / Video / Other Electronics & Accessories 9
Other Categories^ 16

^Other Categories include Cosmetics, Eyewear, Food Contact Material, Home Electrical Appliances (Hair Dryer, Iron, etc.), Personal Protective Equipment, Footwear, Lighting Equipment, Jewellery with a frequency of less than 4.

For a complete list click here


AUGUST CONTRIBUTORS

Andy Choi

Vivian Chan

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