QIMA 2014 Q2 Barometer

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Riots, Strikes and 200,000 Toxic Products

Hong Kong, July 10, 2014 - QIMA, a leading global provider of quality control services for businesses importing from Asia, Africa, Southern Europe and Latin America, today announces its 2014 Q2 Barometer, a quarterly synopsis on outsourced manufacturing and the quality control services industry.

Inspection Growth in Asia – 2013 Q2 vs 2014 Q2 | QIMA

Vietnam Undeterred by Rioting

In Vietnam, textile and apparel exports increased 18% year-on-year between January and May, reaching $7.5 billion USD.1 However, recent protests due to political tensions with China sent fear into supply chains, with QIMA figures showing May 2014 ordered inspections to be 3.3 times higher than the average for May 2013 to April 2014.  This is due to increased concern from foreign buyers to ensure their supply chain and quality have not been disrupted. In the first half of the year apparel imports from Vietnam into the US saw a 12.7% increase, well ahead of rival China at 0.9%.2

China Sees Largest Industrial Disputes in Living Memory

Chinese government stimulus efforts appear to have worked in Q2, with manufacturing activity and output up and growing nationwide, according to the latest data from the official PMI Index. This was during the same period that over 40,000 workers in the Dongguan province engaged in one of the largest industrial disputes in living memory.3

Meanwhile, the largest inspections growth in Asia was Cambodia, up 99% year over year, then Bangladesh and Vietnam 73% each, India 63% and China 10%. In growth by industry category, food and food container inspections were up 55% quarter over quarter globally.

Toxic Chemicals Rampant: 5% of All Azo Dye Lab Tests Fail

When the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) randomly screened for azo dyes in imported clothing in March of this year, approximately 3% contained carcinogens which may be harmful to human health, resulting in the voluntary recall of over 200,000 items from stores, involving 37 product lines from various retailers. Analyzing its own data, QIMA found that over 5% of all azo dye lab tests in 2014 failed for exceeding the legal minimum.4

"Time and time again we see outsourced manufactured products putting consumers at risk.  The fact that 200,000+ products made it to store shelves containing a known cancer causing carcinogen shows the need for stricter controls and testing at the source. This reflects the sheer scale at which consumers are being placed at risk" said Sebastien Breteau, QIMA CEO.

The Sourcing Journal reported that while brands and retailers increasingly place huge importance on information in their value chains, specific information is often exceedingly hard to obtain. 50% of respondents said that they do not have sufficient data from within their supply chain.5

Textile & Garment Inspection in Africa Factory | QIMA

Africa Gains Momentum

Ordered inspection growth in Asia remained strong with 21% year over year growth. This was surpassed by Africa with 31% inspection growth. Interestingly, growth for inspections in Africa was led by Swaziland which saw 50% growth in just the last quarter. At the same time, Swaziland is losing benefits from the United States under the African Growth and Opportunity Act for its failure to make progress towards internationally recognized workers’ rights.6

India Challenges China, Becomes World’s Second Largest Textiles Exporter

India is rising as a regional power, taking up a new position as the world’s second largest textiles exporter with a global share of 5.2%. India’s Textiles Minister has projected the value of exports to reach $50 billion USD in the current fiscal year. The growth is being largely driven by its apparel manufacturing, for which exports grew almost 25% in May. Apparel export growth is being driven by non-traditional markets such as Latin America, Southern Africa, and East and West Asia.7

Bangladesh Inspection Groups Raise Tensions

North American and European inspection groups 'The Alliance' and 'The Accord' are together auditing 2,100 of Bangladesh’s 5,600 garment factories, which employ some 4 million workers and account for 80% of the country’s exports. QIMA data for 2014 shows that for factories that underwent ethical audits, 27% are at serious risk and 59% are not compliant.

The groups are involved in a debate with stakeholders over the process by which they shut non-compliant factories. It’s feared that the disruptions may contribute to slowing export growth, with buyers turning to sources they deem more stable, such as China, India and Vietnam. While the groups exist to protect workers, there are practical issues at stake – the protection of jobs and provision of worker compensation during extended shutdowns for repairs, which are often ordered without notice. So far 14 factories have been shut down and 5 have had their operations limited.8

Factory closures should only be undertaken if employees are at immediate risk. QIMA's experience has shown that many of the faults found in the course of a properly executed audit program can be fixed with corrective action, training and education, contributing to the long term economic value of the factory and country.

About QIMA - Your Eyes in the Supply Chain!™

QIMA is a leading quality control service provider that partners with international Brands, Retailers and Importers to secure and manage their global supply chain. With unique web-based quality control management, QIMA offers Product Inspection, Factory Audit and Laboratory Testing services for more than 3,000 clients worldwide.

Press Contact
Michael Mesarch
Tel: (+86) 755 2223 9888
Email: press@qima.com


1. Fibre2Fashion. Vietnam’s fabric & garment exports jump 18% in Jan-May’14. June 18th, 2014.

2. Just Style. Bangladesh lags as Vietnam leads US import growth. June 5th, 2014.

3. The Guardian. How Adidas supported worker rights in China factory strike. June 12th, 2014.

4. ACCC. Textiles recalled after tests for azo dyes. June 11th, 2014.

5. Sourcing Journal. Survey finds challenges collecting value chain data. July 1st, 2014.

6. All Africa. Africa: President Obama Removes Swaziland, Reinstates Madagascar for AGOA Benefits. June 27th, 2014.

7. Times of India. India overtakes Germany and Italy, is new world No.2 in textile exports. June 3rd, 2014.

8. Reuters. Insight: Inspection tensions add to Bangladesh garment industry's woes. June 27th, 2014.