On October 23, 2019, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) published a direct final rule to revise the mandatory safety standard for non-full-size baby cribs (NFS cribs) and play yards to be incorporated into federal regulations 16 CFR 1220 (Safety Standard for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs) and 16 CFR 1221 (Safety Standard for Play Yards).View Story Read More
The significant changes to the standards with respect to each product category are as follows:
Non-full-size baby cribs
The new rule will be effective on January 20, 2020.
On October 25, 2019, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) published a direct final rule to revise the mandatory safety standard for toddler beds to be incorporated into federal regulation 16 CFR 1217 (Safety Standard for Toddler Beds).View Story Read More
The significant changes to the standard are as follows:
The new rule will be effective on January 27, 2020.
In November 2019, The Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) proposed to regulate treatments containing perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) for use on converted textiles or leathers. The DTSC is seeking public comment for the proposal until December 31, 2019.View Story Read More
PFASs are widely used in many applications, and most of them will degrade to a subclass, perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs). PFAAs are endocrine disrupting, and toxic in the development and reproduction of humans. Due to their persistence in the environment, they can contaminate sources and accumulate in food, drinking water and the human body.
The DTSC has identified treatments for converted textiles or leathers as significant sources of human and ecological PFAS exposure especially via inhalation during product use. These products include carpets, rugs, clothing, shoes, upholstery, or other converted fabrics. Because of the mentioned hazards, the DTSC is considering to list the treatments as Priority Products under the Safer Consumer Products (SCP) regulations. If this Priority Product regulation is adopted, the responsible entities must follow the reporting rules based on the SCP regulations.
On October 12, 2019, the governor of California signed Assembly Bill (AB) 44 into law to prohibit the sale, offer for sale, display for sale, trade, or otherwise distribution of fur products, starting as of January 1, 2023. The law will also prohibit the manufacturing of fur products in the state of California as of that date.View Story Read More
According to the law, “Fur” is defined as any animal skin or part thereof with hair, fleece, or fur fibers attached thereto, either in its raw or processed state. A “fur product” is defined as any article of clothing or covering for any part of the body, or any fashion accessory, including, but not limited to, handbags, shoes, slippers, hats, earmuffs, scarves, shawls, gloves, jewelry, keychains, toys, or trinkets, and home accessories and decor, that is made in whole or in part of fur.
A Fur product does not include any of the following:
The bill exempts the following fur products from these prohibitions:
On September 27, 2019, the governor of California signed Senate Bill 647 (SB 647) into law to strengthen the California Metal-containing Jewelry Law. This law will become effective on June 1, 2020.View Story Read More
The bill would revise and recast the provisions relating to the materials authorized to be used to make jewelry and children’s jewelry. Key changes to the law are as follows:
Highlights of SB 647 are summarized in the table as below:
|Scope of Jewelry||Requirement|
|Children’s jewelry (under 15 years of age)||Total lead content: 90 ppm (surface coating)
Total lead content: 100 ppm (accessible components)
Soluble Cadmium content: 75 ppm (surface coating)
Total Cadmium content: 300 ppm (accessible components)
|Body piercing jewelry that is not children’s jewelry||The jewelry should be made of one or more of the following materials:
|All other jewelry||The jewelry should be made entirely from one or more than one of the following materials:
On October 15, 2019, the European Commission issued Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/1728 to adopt EN71-3:2019 for the migration of certain elements as a harmonized standard which provides a presumption of conformity to Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC.View Story Read More
Highlights of the changes are as follows:
The previous version of standard, EN71-3:2013+A3:2018, will be withdrawn on April 15, 2020.
Commission Directives (EU) 2019/1922 and 2019/1929 were published on November 19 and 20, 2019, respectively, in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) to update the chemical requirements in Directive 2009/48EC Toys Safety Directive (TSD). In this update, the Aluminium migration limit is lowered, and a new formaldehyde restriction is adapted. The requirements will be effective as of May 2021.View Story Read More
TSD establishes certain requirements for chemical substances and lays down in part III of Annex II that the Expert Group on Toys Safety established by the European Commission (EC) is responsible for the preparation of legislative proposals and policy initiatives in the area of toy safety based on the latest scientific evidence. In light of the available scientific evidence and the recommendations of the Expert Group on Toys Safety, a new aluminium migration limit and new restriction on formaldehyde in different toys materials was adapted.
The amendments are summarized as below:
Revised Aluminium migration limit in point 13 of part III of Annex II to Directive 2009/48/EC
|Category I - dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy material (mg/kg)||Category II - liquid or sticky toy material (mg/kg)||Category III - scraped-off toy material (mg/kg)||Effective Date|
|New Limits||2,250||560||28,130||May 20, 2021|
New Formaldehyde restriction in Appendix C to Annex II to Directive 2009/48/EC
|Substance||CAS No.||Restricted Products||Materials||Requirement||Test Method||Effective Date|
intended for use by children under 36 months
intended to be placed in the mouth
|Polymeric materials (as monomer)||1.5 mg/l (migration limit)||EN 71-10:2005 & EN 71-11:2005||May 21, 2021|
|Resin-bonded wood products||0.1 ml/m3 (emission limit)||EN 717-1:2004|
|Textile||30 mg/kg (content limit)||EN ISO 14184-1:2011|
|Leather||30 mg/kg * (content limit)||EN ISO 17226-1:2008|
|Paper||30 mg/kg * (content limit)||EN 645:1993 & EN 1541:2001|
|Water-based material||10 mg/kg (content limit)||EDQM method|
In Europe, when hazards are identified in consumer products, the products will be recalled and published in the Safety Gate, which is updated weekly. The European recalls for May through October 2019 are summarized below:View Story Read More
|Electric Shock Hazard||121|
*Other Hazards include Asphyxiation Hazard, Cut Hazard, Hearing Hazard, Damage to Eyesight Hazard, Drowning Hazard, Environmental Hazard, Health Risk Hazard, Microbial Hazard, Strangulation Hazard, Suffocation Hazard with a frequency of less than 30.
|Toys and Childcare Articles||269|
|Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textile||78|
|Computer / Audio / Video / Other Electronics & Accessories||59|
|Home Electrical Appliances (Hair Dryer, Iron, etc.)||39|
^Other Categories include Arts & Crafts, Candles & Burning Items and Accessories, Children’s Product - Arts and Crafts, Consumer Chemicals, Decorative Articles, Eyewear, Food Contact Material, Footwear, Furniture, Homeware (Non-food Contact), Jewelry, Watch or other Fashion Accessories, Personal Protective Equipment (excluding eye protection), Pet Toys, Sporting Goods / Equipment, Stationery Accessories, Tools and Writing Instruments with a frequency of less than 25.
For a complete list click here
Did you know that over 12,000 ASTM standards are published each year?View Story Read More
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes consensus standards on a wide range of products and materials. From additive technology (3D printing) to weathering and durability, there is an ASTM technical committee that may fit your interests. QIMA participates in several ASTM committees related to the consumer products that we test and assess - jewelry, toys, infant items, playground equipment, candles and others. ASTM committees are made up of volunteers from industry including manufacturers, consumers, government, consultants, test labs, academia…any interested individual can participate on a technical committee. It is a great way to better understand the reasons behind the requirements and to help implement necessary changes - plus network with others in your industry. New ASTM committees are developed as industry dictates. There is a new one being formed for weighted blankets. Are you interested?
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