Knowledge Base (FAQs)

QIMA provides answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding consumer products compliance and regulatory requirements to help you gain access to the global market.

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Can materials be combined into one group to perform chemical testing?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Asia
Countries
Product categories
Products
Date04-2021
It depends on the test requirement and test method. Depending on the specific test criteria, if the test limit is very low, combining materials to perform the test is not advisable, as the dilution of the specimens may affect the results. Additionally, certain test methods do not allow for this practice. As a general practice, third party labs may combine  three "similar" materials (same category) into one group to perform a test. For example, three plastic materials, three textile materials, three wooden materials, etc. may be combined. For some specific materials (metal, ceramic, glass, etc.), combining more than one material to perform the test is not acceptable due to the characteristics of the material.
The only difference in a series of products is the color; why does each one have to be tested?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Asia
Countries
Product categories
Products
Date04-2021
A different color means different chemical pigments/colorants in the product. Some of the pigments/colorants may contain hazardous substances; therefore, each one needs to be tested to ensure product compliance to applicable chemical testing requirements.
Why is a QIMA test report necessary?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Asia
Countries
Product categories
Products
Date04-2021
QIMA is an independent ISO 17025 accredited third party testing laboratory. QIMA has received accreditation by different bodies such as ANAB (US), CNAS (China), HOKLAS (HK) and UKAS (UK). It is an accepted testing institute by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to perform third party testing to assess conformity to children's product safety regulations in the United States.

Test reports issued by QIMA help to ensure product compliance according to the requirements of the country of destination or specific end customers. For countries like the United States that require mandatory third party testing on children's products, the manufacturer or importer can also issue the Children's Product Certificate (CPC) to certify its children's product compliance based on the compliance results identified in the QIMA test reports.
What is a Fabric Mask?
RegionsAsia,Europe,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesChina,Japan,Korea,EU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,US,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsFace masks
Date04-2021
Fabric mask is a non-medical device, cloth face covering and loose fitting. It only intends to help contain the wearer’s respiratory droplets from spreading. Fabric mask provides a relatively low level of protection.
What is a Medical Face Mask?
RegionsAsia,Europe,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesChina,Japan,Korea,EU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,US,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsFace masks
Date04-2021
Medical mask, also called a surgical mask, is usually flat or pleated and is disposable. The mask creates a protective barrier to prevent splashes, sprays, large droplets, or splatter spreading from and entering into the wearer’s mouth and/or nose. It provides medium level of protection.
What is a Respirator Mask?
RegionsAsia,Europe,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesChina,Japan,Korea,EU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,US,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsFace masks
Date04-2021
- A respiratory protective device designed for a very close facial fit with an outer edge, designed to seal around the nose and 
  mouth
- Provides efficient filtration against inhaling hazardous airborne particles, gases and vapors
- Provides a relatively high level of protection
What are the performance metrics for a face mask ?
RegionsAsia,Europe,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesChina,Japan,Korea,EU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,US,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsFace masks
Date04-2021
a. BPE- Bacterial Filtration Efficiency
The effectiveness of the face mask material in preventing the passage of aerosolized bacteria. It is the measure of the efficiency of the mask in filtering bacteria passing through it. 

b. PFE - Particle Filtration Efficiency
The efficiency of the filter material in capturing aerosolized particles smaller than one micron. It is the measure of the efficiency of the mask in filtering particles passing through it. 

c. Resistance to Penetration by Synthetic Blood / Fluid Resistance 
The ability of the filter material to resist fluid penetration. It is the measure of the material construction of the mask's ability to minimize fluids passing through it. 

d. Differential Pressure
The pressure drop across the mask material. It is the measure of breathing resistance of a mask (the higher the value, the less the breathability, but the better the filtration).

e. Flammability/Flame Spread
The subjection of the face mask material to a flame. The measurement rate at which the material burns determines the level of flammability and any related hazard.
For certain tests, why does it take so long to complete the test? (for example, nickel release testing for Europe)
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categories
Products
Date04-2021
The time needed to complete the testing depends on factors such as sample preparation and test method. For example, in accordance with the European requirement EN 1811 for nickel release, the test method requires the test specimen to be immersed in the test solution for (168±2) hours. In addition, instrumentation analysis must be completed and time is needed for sample preparation, report typing, report approval/signature, etc.
In the European Union (EU), what is the difference between the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment requirement (WEEE) and the Battery Directive
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesE&E
Products
Date04-2021
WEEE is applicable to all electrical and electronic equipment regardless of whether the battery is included/provided or not. The symbol below (with a black bar under the wheelie bin) must be marked on the product. It is optional to include the mark on the packaging.

                                                                                                   
For the battery directive, it is applicable to batteries. The symbol below (without a black bar) shall be marked on the battery itself whenever possible. If the size of the battery is too small, the symbol can be marked on the packaging.  
                                                                                                 
This symbol must cover:
At least 3% of the surface area on the largest side of a non-cylindrical battery or battery pack, or at least 1.5% of the total surface area on a cylindrical battery. In either case, up to a maximum size of 5cm x 5cm

If a battery is so small that the size of the symbol would be less than 0.5cm x 0.5cm, then you must place the symbol on the packaging, but it must be at least 1cm x 1cm.

Chemical symbols  - batteries, accumulators and button cells containing more than 0.0005 % mercury shall be marked with the chemical symbol for the metal concerned: (Hg) (Peg) Is Mercury the only one with this requirement or should this state: "Chemical symbols (Hg20, Cd, Pb) should be marked on batteries, accumulators and button cells which contain more than a given amount of these metals (0.0005% mercury, 0.002% cadmium and 0. 004% lead).

Any chemical symbols required must:
- be directly below the crossed out wheeled bin symbol and
- cover an area of at least 25% of the crossed out wheeled bin symbol


What is LVD testing for the European market?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesE&E
ProductsAudio & video
Date04-2021
The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) outlines essential safety requirements for electrical equipment operating with a voltage of between 50 V and 1000 V for alternating current and 75V and 1500V for direct current.

It is comprised of 11 safety objectives and addresses risks from using electrical equipment, including electrical, mechanical and chemical hazards (e.g., emission of aggressive substances). It also covers health risks associated with noise, vibration and ergonomic factors

It applies to a wide range of electrical equipment for both consumer and professional usage, such as:

- Household Electrical Appliances
- Lighting equipment
- Cables
- Power supply units
- Laser equipment
- Certain components (e.g. fuses)

European Union (EU) legislation in the electrical sector is important because it ensures health and safety requirements are the same across Europe for products that are placed in the market.

What is EMC testing for the European market?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesE&E
ProductsAudio & video
Date04-2021
All electric devices or installations influence each other when they are interconnected or placed closely with each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, global system for mobile communications (GSM) handsets, radios and nearby appliances (e.g., washing machine) or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. EMC designates all the existing and future techniques and technologies for reducing disturbance and enhancing immunity.

The EMC Directive 2014/30/EU  ensures that electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance.

The EMC directive limits electromagnetic emissions from equipment in order to ensure that, when used as intended, such equipment does not disturb radio, telecommunication and other equipment. The directive also governs the immunity of such equipment to interference and seeks to ensure that the equipment is not disturbed by radio emissions when used as intended.

The main objectives of the directive are to regulate the compatibility of equipment regarding EMC:

- equipment (apparatus and fixed installations) needs to comply with EMC requirements when it is placed on the market and/or taken into service

- the application of good engineering practice is required for fixed installations, with the possibility that competent authorities of EU countries may impose measures in instances of non-compliance

What is RED testing for the European market?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesE&E
ProductsAudio & video
Date04-2021
The Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED) covers electrical or electronic products which intentionally emit and/or receive radio waves for the purpose of radio communication and/or radiodetermination, or products that, when completed with an accessory such as an antenna, meet the description.

The essential requirements of the RED are:
- Protection of health and safety of the user and any other person
- Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
- Effective use of the radio spectrum to avoid harmful interference

Should we regard rainbow coating effects in any directions as gradient or uniform sunglasses?How is the uniformity evaluated within the lens in Europe according to ISO 12312:2013+ A1:2015 Eye and face protection — Sunglasses and related eyewear clause 5.3.1, or in the US according to ANSI Z80.3:2018 Nonpresciption Sunglass and Fashion Eyewear Requirements - Sections 4.11.3 & 4.11.4?
RegionsEurope,North & South America
CountriesEU,USA
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
According to ISO 4007:2018 Personal protective equipment - Eye and face protection - Vocabulary clauses 3.10.1.6, 3.10.1.7 and 3.10.1.8 quoted below, the above examples of lenses are considered to be gradient filter. 

3.10.1.6
Gradient-tinted filter
Filter (3.10.1.1) with a defined transmittance(3.10.1.18) and/or color change within the full size of the filter  (generally in the vertical direction)

3.10.1.7
Linear gradient-tinted filter
Gradient-tinted filter  (3.10.1.6) in which the change in transmittance  (3.10.1.18) or color is in a single linear direction

3.10.1.8
Radial gradient-tinted filter
Gradient-tinted filter  (3.10.1.6) in which the change in transmittance  (3.10.1.18) or color radiates from a single point, usually the reference point of the filter  (3.10.1.1)
Is there any UV400 requirement within ISO12312-1:2013+A1:2015 Eye and face protection — Sunglasses and related eyewear?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
No. The UV requirement in ISO 12312-1 covers the range of 280nm to 380nm. If you require UV400 protection, recommend to extend the range of “280nm-380nm” to “280nm-400nm”, with acceptance criteria referred to as UV 280nm-380nm. 
Is it possible to not test the polarized function if “polarized” or related wording is marked on the sunglasses ?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesEU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,USA,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
Marked = Claimed 
Therefore, as a claim, the transmittance requirement of polarization function must be tested.
Are the measuring conditions of regular sunglare filters and polarized filters the same ?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesEU,France,Germany,UK,Canada,USA,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
No.  Luminous transmittance is measured under a regular light beam source, whereas polarized filters are measured with plane polarized light using linear polarizers in a spectrophotometer with polarization efficiency over 97.5%.
Is Blue light filtering equivalent to Blue signal light?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesEU,USA,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
No. 

"Blue signal light" is one of “the relative visual attenuation quotient Q of filters” in the “Driving and Road Use” section in the standard.  It should be tested together with yellow signal light, red signal light and green signal light to see if the lens will have any effect/color difference when looking at the signal light.  Traffic signal light testing range is the same as Luminous Transmittance range between 380nm-780nm. This is not the same as a blue light filtering function. Signal light detection is a mandatory item for fashion sunglasses testing. 

"Blue light filtering" is a lens filtering function of blue light from natural light source, test spectrum between the range 380nm-500nm. It is a claimed item, not manadatory. If the lens is claimed to have blue light filtering, apart from the mandatory test items, the blue light transmittance shall be tested to determine the percentage of blue light transmission by sunglass filters. 

If the lens is failed in "Blue signal light" for driving use, client should have warning statement to ensure people cannot use it for driving. However, it is not related to blue light filtering function. If "Blue light filtering" is fail, client cannot claims the sunglasses to have "Blue Light Blocking %" or "Blue light Transmittance %". 
Blue light transmittance vs Blue light blocking (Absorption)
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesEU,USA,Australia,New Zealand
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
If the lenses are claimed to have Blue light filtering function, we can measure the blue light transmittance or blue light blocking. The testing range is a selected range between 380nm-500nm.
 
If the claime for blue light blocking is 35%, it can be presented in 2 ways :
a.. Blue light absorption = 35%. ;  or
b.. Blue light transmittance = 65%
Is it required for brands to have certificate for spectacle frames or sunglasses when distributing in the European Community ?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
Spectacle frames or fashion sunglasses are required to have the following documents to import into EU countries. 

Before marketing (launch to the market for sales and service) the device, the manufacturer/European representative/the distributor should provide: 

1. Technical file: which consists of:
 - Product Drawing + Material List
 - Test Report – proving applicable testing of the products has been conducted in accordance with the technical standards to verify the compliance of the device with the ESSENTIAL requirements
2. Quality plan - Monitoring the quality of products
3. Declaration of Conformity - stating the device complies with the provision of (EU) 2017/745 – Medical Device Regulations for spectacle frames and (EU) 2016/645 - Personal Protective Equipment Regulation  – for fashion sunglasses 
4. CE MARK:  an affixed CE mark on the device if quality of products are meeting the requirements set by European markets.
In European countries, the manufacturer is allowed to provide a self declaration. Tests can be performed by a third party laboratory or by an in-house laboratory depending on the buyers / wholesalers' preference.
Would it be safe to say that a brand that is advertising to have a 100% blue block rate between 410nm and 480nm/500nm might be marketing under a false pretense?
RegionsEurope,North & South America,Oceania
CountriesEU,USA,New Zealand
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
It is not correct to put 100% blue light blocking in the visible light range in which this range is strong in blue light energy. 
If it is 100% blocking in visible light range, you will have visual color deviation. 

The below diagram offers a good explanation of the visual color difference by different levels of blue light blocking. 


For food contact materials, is European Union (EU) testing necessary if country specific tests have already been completed, such as those outlined in the Food and Commodities Act for Germany (LFGB) or in the French General Directorate for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs, and Fraud Control for France (DGCCRF)? Is REACH testing necessary if FCM tests have been completed already?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU,France,Germany
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsFood contact materials
Date04-2021
Yes, even if compliance has been confirmed through testing in accordance with LFGB/DGCCRF, materials/products must also comply with the EU food contact regulation. Additionally, it should be noted that apart from EU food contact tests, there are additional requirements in LFGB/DGCCRF. Therefore, testing for these country requirements must also be addressed based on country of distribution.

REACH requirements are different from FCM requirements. Therefore, for food contact materials, both REACH and FCM tests are applicable.
Can bamboo be used as an additive for plastic food contact materials in the EU?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsFood contact materials
Date04-2021
No. According to Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 on plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food, only the substances included in the Union list of authorised substances set out in Annex I may be intentionally used in the manufacture of plastic. Bamboo is not on a list of authorised substances; hence, there is "no legal basis" ​that exists for the use of bamboo flour as an additive in plastics in the EU.
“Wood flour and fibers, untreated” are authorised substances under FCM substance No. 96 in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No. 10/2011. Will this make “bamboo” become a legal additive for plastic food contact materials?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsFood contact materials
Date04-2021
No. According to the opinion from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the safety of wood should be evaluated on a case by case basis, given the chemical differences in composition of wood species. This opinion does not support the authorization of “wood flour and fibers, untreated” be​ing applied to additives derived from ​the grass family like bamboo flour or similar substances​, especially when there ​are no other substances in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No. 10/2011 which cover the use of bamboo.
What are the essential toys safety requirements in Europe?
RegionsEurope,North & South America
CountriesEU,USA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
The European Community (EC) Toy Safety Directive (2009/48/EC) identifies the safety criteria that toys must meet before being marketed in Europe. The essential safety requirements cover both general risks and particular risks. Toys must not pose general risks which would adversely affect the safety or health of users or third parties when used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children. The ability of the user or supervisor is taken into account, particularly for toys intended for children under 36 months.  Toys must not pose particular risks such as hazards relating to physical/mechanical properties, flammability, electrical properties, hygiene requirements, radioactivity and chemical properties. The particular safety requirements addressing particular hazards are set out in Annex II of Directive on the Safety of Toy Safety Directive (2009/48/EC). Toys which conform to the relevant harmonised standards that were published in the Official Journal of the European Union are presumed to conform to the essential safety requirements. All toys sold in the EU must carry a marking which is the manufacturer's declaration that the toy meets the essential safety requirements.
What type of information should be included on the packaging of a toy product to meet the United States (US) and European Union (EU) labeling requirements?
RegionsEurope,North & South America
CountriesEU,USA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
US Toy Labeling Requirements

1. Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) tracking label requirement which includes:
- Manufacturer or private labeler name;
- Location and date of production of the product;
- Detailed information on the manufacturing process, such as a batch or run number, or other identifying characteristics; and
-Any other information to facilitate ascertaining the specific source of the product

2. Uniform Packaging and Labeling Act (UPLA) requirement which includes:
- the identity of the commodity;
- the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; and
- the net quantity of contents in terms of weight or mass measure, or numerical count in a uniform location upon the principal display panel

3. Country of Origin

4. ASTM F963 Warning Statements, based on the product age grade and features, as applicable

European Toy Labeling Requirements

- Name and address of manufacturer / authorized representative / importer into the community / distributor
- Type, batch, serial or model number
- Washing instructions for textile toys intended for use by children under 36 months (if applicable)
- EN71-1 Warning Statements, based on the product age grade and features, as applicable
- CE marking

* Warning and safety statements/instructions shall be written in the primary languages understood by consumers of the country in which the toy is to be sold

Source:
What steps are followed if attachments are non-graspable when testing in accordance with the BS 7907 Code of Practice for the Design and Manufacture of Children's Clothing to Promote Mechanical Safety (British Standard)?
RegionsEurope
CountriesEU
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
ProductsChildren's clothing
Date04-2021
Some attachments on garments may be non grippable like sequins, beads, stones, decorative bows, small pompoms, etc. If such non grippable items are attached to a garment, either functional or decorative, this garment should be subjected to a washing method rather than a testing method to determine removal force, as per below processing.

The garment should be washed in a temperature of 10ᵒC±2ᵒC above the maximum recommended wash temperature. For hand wash only, 40ᵒC±2ᵒC should be used. The washing criteria, detergent, and drying technique should be performed as specified in BS 7907, ANNEX C.
Is there any information that should be included on transparent (poly) bag packaging for products distributed in the US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categories
Products
Date04-2021
There are no federal laws which require warning labels on plastic (poly) bags. However, some states and a few municipalities have enacted their own legislation with regard to suffocation warning labels for plastic (poly) bags.

For example, plastic (poly) bags in California, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, and Virginia require the following warning:

"WARNING: To avoid danger of suffocation, keep this plastic bag away from babies and children. Do not use this bag in cribs, beds, carriages or play pens. This bag is not a toy."

Note: The requirements vary from state-to-state, based on criteria such as thickness of (poly) bag, dimensions and opening size of (poly) bag, and intended use of (poly) bag. Additionally, the warning labeling type size and placement may vary. 

What is FCC testing for the United States?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesE&E
ProductsAudio & video
Date04-2021
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. Radio Frequency (RF) devices are required to be properly authorized under 47 CFR part 2 prior to being marketed or imported into the United States. The Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) administers the equipment authorization program under authority delegated to it by the Commission. This program is one of the principal ways for the Commission to ensure that RF devices used in the United States operate effectively without causing harmful interference and that they otherwise comply with the Commission's rules. All RF devices subject to equipment authorization must comply with the Commission's technical requirements prior to importation or marketing.

Equipment that contains an RF device must be authorized in accordance with the appropriate procedures specified in 47 CFR part 2, subpart J (with certain limited exceptions).  These requirements not only minimize the potential for harmful interference, but also ensure that the equipment complies with the rules that address other policy objectives, such as human RF exposure limits and hearing aid compatibility (HAC) with wireless handsets.

The Commission has two different approval procedures for equipment authorization: 
1. Certification 
2. Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) 
The required procedure depends on the type of equipment being authorized as specified in the applicable rule part. In some instances, a device may have different functions resulting in the device being subjected to more than one type of approval procedure.

Why are so many samples required for certain Food Contact Material (FCM) tests?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsFood contact materials
Date04-2021
The sample size required may depend on factors such as sample preparation and test method. For example, in the US, the food contact test method for extracting lead and cadmium from glazed ceramic surfaces as specified in ASTM C738, requires six identical units for testing. In order to ensure timeliness of test results, for some tests, QIMA may request a few additional samples when confirmation testing is necessary.
What care label regulations are required in the US market?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesSoftlines
Products
Date04-2021
Care labels for textile articles in the US market must comply with the mandatory 16 CFR 423, Care Labeling of Textile Wearing Apparel and Certain Piece Goods as Amended, regulation. Additionally, the two industry standards, ASTM D5489, Standard Guide for Care Symbols for Care Instructions on Textile Products, and ASTM D3938, Standard Guide for Determining or Confirming Care Instructions for Apparel and Other Textile Products, should be met.
What fabrics and softlines products intended for adults are exempt from flammability testing per US regulations?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesSoftlines
Products
Date04-2021
The following fabrics and products for adults are exempt from flammability testing:

Exempt Fabrics:
-As per the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Standard for the Flammability of Clothing Textiles, 16 CFR 1610.1 (d), plain surface fabrics, regardless of fiber content, weighing 2.6 ounces per square yard or more
-All fabrics, both plain surface and raised-fiber surface textiles, regardless of weight, made entirely from any of the following fibers or entirely from a combination of the following fibers: acrylic, modacrylic, nylon, olefin, polyester, wool

Exempt Products:
-Hats, if they do not cover face, neck and shoulder
-Gloves, if they are not longer than 14 inches or attached in the garment
-Footwear 
-Handkerchiefs, under 24 inches on any side (handkerchiefs are not exempt if attached with garment)
-Interlining (if used only for this purpose)
-Veils, not longer than 9 inches from crown; not longer than 2 inches from the edge of the brim
What bacteria should be used when performing testing in accordance with American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, AATCC 100?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsApparel & garments
Date04-2021
In general, the AATCC does not define the bacteria that should be used to perform the testing outlined. AATCC 100 is a quantitative assessment of Antibacterial Finishes on Textile Materials.  Following laboratory practice, if the client has a testing manual or protocol, this would be referenced to follow any specific bacteria that should be applied. However, if this criteria is not defined, laboratory practice would be to use Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538) & Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). 

In addition, if the textile article includes durability claims, the laboratory will address client requirements relative to testing on original "as received" samples or on washed samples, as directed. Furthermore, if testing is to be performed on washed samples, additional parameters must be addressed such as the number of wash cycles and any actual care instructions included with the textile article. 
What are the performance levels of a Medical Face Mask?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesSoftlines
ProductsFace masks
Date04-2021
From ASTM F2100 - Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

CharacteristicLevel 3 Barrier
Bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE), % ≥98
Differential pressure, mm H2O/cm2<6.0
Sub-micron particulate filtration efficiency at 0.1 micron (PFE), %≥98
Resistance to penetration by synthetic blood, (mmHg)160
Flame spread
Class 1 means the material exhibits normal flammability and is acceptable for use in clothing
Class 1
What is toy safety standard in the US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
Toy safety standard in the US refers to ASTM F963-17, the Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety. This standard, as incorporated with a modification shown in 16 CFR Part 1250, is a comprehensive standard addressing numerous hazards that have been identified with toys. In 2008, the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) mandated that the voluntary toy safety standard in effect at that time (ASTM F963) become a nationwide mandatory children's product safety rule.

All toys designed or intended for use primarily by children 12 years of age and under manufactured or imported on or after February 28, 2018 must be tested by third party labs and be certified in a Children’s Product Certificate as compliant to the federal toy safety standard enacted by Congress and to other applicable requirements as well. Common requirements for children’s products include, but are not limited to, lead, lead in paint, phthalates, small parts, and tracking labels. 

(From CPSC, Toy Safety Business Guidance & Small Entity Compliance Guide)

QIMA is a Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) accepted laboratory and is accredited to facilitate third party testing which will enable you to show your toy product complies with all necessary toy standards in the US.
What is a Children's Product Certificate in US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
A Children's Product Certificate is a confirmation that certifies a children's product complies with all applicable children's product safety rules. The certification must be based upon the results of third party testing. The third party testing laboratory provides the testing services and results but does not issue the Children's Product Certificate.  The Children's Product Certificate must be issued by the importer for products manufactured overseas. The Children's Product Certificate must be issued by the U.S. manufacturer for products manufactured domestically.
(From CPSC, Children's Product Certificate (CPC)
 
A model of a Children's Product Certificate can be found in the link below:
https://www.cpsc.gov/Testing-Certification/Childrens-Product-Certificate-CPC
Is a Children's Product Certificate required if I sell directly to consumers and do not use retailers or distributors in US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
The law requires manufacturers or importers to issue a Children's Product Certificate with the following criteria:

1. The certificate accompany each product or shipment of products 
2. The certificate be furnished to retailers and distributors
3. The certificate be provided to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) upon request. 

You do not have to provide the certificate to consumers in direct-to-consumer sales.
(From CPSC, FAQ - Certification and Third Party Testing)
Is a Children's Product Certificate required for each shipment of product in US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
Yes. The law requires each import (and domestic manufacturer) shipment to be "accompanied" by the required certificate. The requirement applies to imports and products manufactured domestically. Under CPSC regulations, an electronic certificate is "accompanying" a shipment if the certificate is identified by a unique identifier and can be accessed via a World Wide Web URL or other electronic means, provided the URL or other electronic means and the unique identifier are created in advance and are available with the shipment.
(From CPSC, FAQ - Certification and Third Party Testing)
Does the packaging for child care articles and children's toys need to comply with the prohibition of phthalates in the US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
Products
Date04-2021
Packaging is generally not intended for use by children when they play, given that most packaging is discarded and is not used or played with as a children's toy or child care article.

However, if the packaging is intended to be reused or used in conjunction with a child care article or with a children's toy while playing, such as a heavy-gauge reusable bag used to hold blocks, it would be subject to the prohibition on phthalates.

(From CPSC, Phthalates Business Guidance & Small Entity Compliance Guide)
What types of products are considered as art materials under US requirements?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
ProductsOthers
Date04-2021
An “art material” or “art material product” is defined as any substance marketed or represented by the producer or repackager as suitable for use in any phase of visual or graphic art creation with any medium and package sizes intended for individual users of all age or those participating in a small group.  

(From CPSC, Art Materials Business Guidance)
What is needed to ensure that art materials are complying with the chronic hazard requirements under the Labeling of Hazardous Art Materials Act (LHAMA) in US?
RegionsNorth & South America
CountriesUSA
Product categoriesToys & Juvenile Products
ProductsOthers
Date04-2021
Under the LHAMA requirements in the US Code of Federal Regulations, Title 16, Part 1500 - Hazardous Substances and Articles; Administration and Enforcement Regulations (16 C.F.R. § 1500.14(b)(8)(i)(C)(1), the producer or repackager of art materials must submit the art materials product formulation(s) or reformulation(s) to a toxicologist to have the product assessed for the potential to cause adverse chronic health effects before the products enter the market.
The regulation also requires the manufacturer or repackager to submit to the CPSC, the criteria that the toxicologist uses to complete the assessment of the product, along with a list of art materials contained in the product that require chronic hazard warning labels under LHAMA. The submission requirement is at 16 C.F.R. § 1500.14(b)(8)(ii)(C).

(From CPSC, Art Materials Frequently Asked Questions)
What care label regulations are required in the Australia market?
RegionsOceania
CountriesAustralia,New Zealand
Product categoriesSoftlines,Hardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
Care labels for textile articles in the Australian market must comply with the Trade Practices Act 1974 - Consumer Protection Notice No. 25 of 2010 - Consumer Product Information Standard: Care Labelling for Clothing and Textile Products. Additional required details are outlined in the Australian/New Zealand Textiles - Care Labelling, AS/NZS 1957-1998 standard.
Is there any UV400 requirement within AS/NZS 1067.1 :2016 Eye and face protection - Sunglasses and fashion spectacles?
RegionsOceania
CountriesNew Zealand,Australia
Product categoriesHardlines
ProductsEyewear
Date04-2021
Yes. 
In Australian & New Zealand standard, there is a UV range requirement of AS/NZS 1067.1:2016 which covers the range of 280nm to 400nm.  This is called “UV protection”. If the sunglasses has a claim of UV400 protection, AS/NZS 1067.1:2016 clause .3.5.2.8 -UV400 mentioned a separate test method covering the range of 190nm to 400nm to check if the lens provides UV400 protection.